Video Transcript: Dissertation Writing Tip #4: Chapter 4: Reporting Results

Video Transcript: Dissertation Writing Tip #4: Chapter 4: Reporting Your Results

Hello and welcome back!  My name is Dr. Cheryl Lentz, owner of The Refractive Thinker® Press. Today our focus for Tips for Post Graduate Writing is on the Reporting of Results of your research study, Chapter 4 in the Graduate Thesis format and for most Doctoral Dissertations.

The goal of chapter 4 is to present your findings, what the research has offered that is of importance to your research study, sample population, and the general body of knowledge.

Remember the focus here is to present your findings, not yet offer any discussion or analysis as to what these findings yet mean.  This is where you will present perhaps Tables, Charts, and Figures that will organize your data logically and cohesively.  Your Chapter 4: Results: will work hand in hand with your Chapter 5: Conclusions and Recommendations.

As with chapters 1-3, each chapter must always present an introduction (which introduces your chapter and your writing objectives), body paragraphs (which cover the details), and conclusion (which reviews the main points as offered by your chapter as well as reviews the writing objectives from your introduction to prove that these expectations have been met).

Our goal for chapter 4 is to now organize and prepare the extracted data for analysis, discussion and understanding as we move toward our Chapter 5.  What is the most systematic and cohesive way to organize and present your findings?  Perhaps a Table? Graphs? Pie Charts? Figures? If your data is too large—more than 2/3 of a page, consider placing in an Appendix. Remember here to numerically sequence the presentation of your tables or figures i.e. Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, regardless of what chapter they may appear in.  Remember that your writing must first mention them witin your writing (see Figure 1) where the figures themselves will be listed after.   With regard to Appendices, these must also follow in sequence, where Appendix B may not be discussed or listed before Appendix A. Be sure to also review the 6th version of the APA Manual for proper formatting of these particular tools.

Let me once again invite you to find at least three sample studies from your respective university that mirrors your study for you to closely follow its logic, format, and overall organization, presentation, and perhaps design.

Our purpose for chapter 4 is to create the story that your data offers your study in order to prepare this data for analysis and discussion in the next chapter, Chapter 5.

While Chapters 1-3 typically follow a very specific pattern for a specific study such as Quantitative, Qualitative, Ethnography, Case Study or whatever type of study you are doing with regard to required and suggested subheadings, Chapter 4 with Results and Chapter 5 with Analysis and Discussion offer a very open and flexible format to be dictated to by the needs of your study.   Again, the goal for Chapter 4 is only to present your findings, not yet offer any discussion or analysis as this will be the goal of chapter 5 which we will discuss in the last part of the series.

For more tips on effective post graduate writing, please visit me at our blog at   Thank you for joining me.  My name is Dr. Cheryl Lentz and I hope you find these suggestions within this video helpful. Good luck! See you next time for our conclusion to this 5-part series.


Dr. Cheryl Lentz

Chief Refractive Thinker®
The Refractive Thinker® Press, where discriminating scholars publish.

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February 9th, 2011 by admin

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